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This document describes how <EM>iptables</EM> and
<EM>ebtables</EM> filtering tables interact on a Linux-based bridge.<BR>
Getting a bridging firewall consists of patching the kernel source
- code with two patches.
- The first patch adds <EM>ebtables</EM> support in the kernel.
- The second patch is called "br-nf-bds" and makes
- bridged IP frames/packets go through the <EM>iptables</EM> chains.
+ code with one or two patches.
+ Kernels 2.5.39 and above only need the "br-nf-bds" patch, since ebtables has been integrated in the 2.5.x series.
+ For other kernels, you need to first apply the patch that adds <EM>ebtables</EM> support in the kernel.
+ The "br-nf-bds" patch makes bridged IP frames/packets go through the <EM>iptables</EM> chains.
<EM>Ebtables</EM> filters on the Ethernet layer, while <EM>iptables</EM>
only filters IP packets.<BR>
- It is possible to use <EM>ebtables</EM> without compiling the br-nf-bds
- code into the kernel; and vice versa. The only reason why the br-nf-bds
- patch has to be applied after the <EM>ebtables</EM> patch is because
- some files are changed by both patches.<BR>
The explanations below will use the TCP/IP Network Model.
It should be noted that the br-nf-bds patch sometimes violates the
TCP/IP Network